What is it?

Gout is a type of arthritis in which small crystals form inside and around the joints. It causes sudden attacks of severe pain and swelling. It most often occurs in one or both of your big toes. It can affect your feet, ankles, fingers, wrists, elbows, and knees as well. Men develop gout more often than women. Women are more likely to develop gout after menopause. Gout can be acute (short-lasting) or chronic (long-lasting).

What are the symptoms?

  • Severe pain in one or more joints.
  • The joint feeling hot and very tender.
  • Swelling in and around the affected joint.
  • Red, shiny skin over the affected joint.

What to expect?

If you are diagnosed with gout, you can consider discussing the following subjects with your doctor:

  • What was the cause of your condition? If not found, what diagnostic investigations are needed to determine the cause?
  • Do you need a stricter control of other medical conditions you may have, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol?
  • What are your treatment options? What is best recommended for you?
  • Some patients with gout may be prescribed medication they will need to use lifelong. Is this the case for you as well? If so, what are the possible risks for taking such medications lifelong?
  • A healthy diet and an active lifestyle can help in preventing acute painful episodes of gout. Which changes can you make in your lifestyle?
  • Some dietary changes may also be needed for patients with gout. Is there any dietary restrictions you should comply?

In addition to treatment by your doctor you can try the following things:

  • Painkillers might help in relieving pain, fever and inflammation.

Seek immediate consult if the symptom is severe.

Think you might have Gout?

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Think you might have Gout?