What is it?

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder that causes unprovoked, recurrent seizures. A seizure is a sudden rush of electrical activity in the brain. There is a wide variety of types of seizures. Patients may pass out, have convulsions, or behave strangely.

What are the symptoms?

A simple partial seizure does not involve loss of consciousness. Symptoms include:

  • Alterations to sense of taste, smell, sight, hearing, or touch.
  • Dizziness.
  • Tingling and twitching of limbs. *Complex partial seizures involve loss of awareness or consciousness.

Other symptoms include:

  • Staring blankly.
  • Unresponsiveness.
  • Performing repetitive movements.
  • A blank stare.
  • Repeated lip smacking or blinking.
  • Short loss of awareness.
  • Muscle stiffness.
  • Loss of muscle control thereby making you fall down suddenly.
  • Repeated, jerky muscle movements of the face, neck, and arms.
  • Stiffening of the body.
  • Shaking.
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control.
  • Biting of the tongue.
  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Foaming at the mouth (Rare).

What to expect?

Call an ambulance or seek immediate medical help if you or someone:

  • Is having a seizure for the first time.
  • Has a seizure for more than 5 minutes.
  • Has a lot of seizures in a row.

Think you might have Epilepsy?

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Think you might have Epilepsy?